Sepsis is a severe illness that results when the body overwhelmingly responds to a bacterial infection. Substances released by the blood to fight infection lead to widespread inflammation, leading to blood clots and blood vessels leaking.
All of this results in a reduction in blood flow, depriving the organs of nutrition and oxygen. In the most severe cases, while in the worst-case scenario, blood pressure drops, and the heart weakens, resulting in septic shock.
Prognosis of the disease
Sepsis is a life-threatening condition when the body responds to an infection but damages its tissues and organs. The prognosis depends on the time it takes to start the appropriate treatment.
As long as the disease is diagnosed in its early phase, it will be possible to treat it with antibiotics. Although if the diagnosis is not correct and no type of treatment is carried out, it can be fatal because it can quickly grow into severe sepsis or septic shock.
The symptoms of sepsis are fever, increased heart rate and breathing rate, chills, rash, confusion, and feeling disoriented. Most of these symptoms are present in other diseases, so sepsis becomes a complex disease to diagnose, especially at the beginning of the disease.
Medical tests for sepsis.
Sometimes the diagnosis of sepsis is complicated because its symptoms can be confused with another type of disorder. For example, doctors can rely on different tests and medical examinations to make the correct diagnosis.
- Blood tests – The goal is to draw a blood sample to look for signs of an infection.
- Coagulation problems.
- Abnormal functioning of the liver or kidneys.
- Less availability of oxygen.
- Electrolyte imbalances.
- Other laboratory tests: depending on each patient’s symptoms, the specialist may order the following tests to analyze the body’s fluids.
- Wound secretions.
- respiratory secretions.
- Diagnostics from an image: If the specialist cannot identify the site of the infection, the specialist may perform one of the following imaging-based tests.
- Computed tomography.
- Magnetic resonance.
What are the causes of sepsis?
Any type of infection, bacterial, viral, or fungal, can lead to sepsis, the most likely are:
- abdominal infection
- kidney infection
- Bloodstream infection (bacteremia)
Geographically, the United States is increasing sepsis outbreaks, and this may be due to:
- Population aging.
- Drug-resistant bacteria.
- Weakened immune system.
Can it be prevented?
A specialist can make the main recommendations to keep the immune system healthy and treat infections in time if the immune system is weakened or has a disease caused by various pathogens or severe pathogens.
If sepsis affects the abdominal cavity, lungs, or brain, it can affect other organs.
Early and aggressive treatment against infection increases the chances of surviving sepsis. People suffering from this disease need to receive personalized monitoring and therapy in the ICU (Intensive Care Unit). If the patient suffers from severe sepsis or septic shock, it is necessary to save a life to stabilize breathing and heart function. The following treatments can be used.
- Supportive medical care.